Workers Compensation Panel Opinions

Format: 11/14/2018
Format: 11/14/2018
Mid-Cumberland Human Resource Agency v. Brenda Binnion
M2017-00970-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Special Judge J. Russell Parkes
Trial Court Judge: Chancellor Charles K.Smith

Employee, a commercial van driver, suffered an impact injury in April 2011 to her neck after assisting a passenger into Employer’s van. Employee continued to work for three months. Employee timely provided notice to Employer. Employee was diagnosed as suffering from a condition called torticollis. Employee received temporary total disability benefits from July 2011 until May 2016. Employee reached Maximum Medical Improvement in November 2015. Trial was held in February 2017 to determine the existence and extent of Employee’s permanent disability. Based on Employee’s medical treatment history, testimony by medical experts, and Employee’s testimony regarding her ability to function day-to-day, the chancery court found that Employee was permanently and totally disabled. Employer has appealed. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Wilson County Workers Compensation Panel 10/31/18
Alcoa, Inc. v. Georgette McCroskey, Individually and as surviving spouse of Marcus McCroskey
E2018-00087-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge David R. Duggan

Georgette McCroskey alleged her deceased husband, Marcus McCroskey (“Employee”), died from pancreatic cancer on June 15, 2012, as the result of work-related exposure to coal tar pitch while employed by Alcoa, Inc. (“Employer”). Following the trial, the trial court held Mrs. McCroskey had not carried her burden of proof on the issue of whether or not Employee’s pancreatic cancer was caused by his work-related exposure to coal tar pitch. Mrs. McCroskey appeals the decision, arguing the preponderance of evidence supports the conclusion Employee’s work-related exposure was a substantial contributing factor in his development of pancreatic cancer and death. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Blount County Workers Compensation Panel 10/30/18
Charles Steven Blocker v. Powell Valley Electric Cooperative, et al.
E2017-01656-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge William B. Acree
Trial Court Judge: Judge Elizabeth C. Asbury

Charles Steven Blocker (“Employee”) sustained a compensable injury to his cervical spine while working for Powell Valley Electric Cooperative (“Employer”) in November 2010. After returning to work, Employee suffered a second, gradual injury to his cervical spine in January 2013, which rendered him permanently and totally disabled. Employee filed an action against Employer and the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development, Second Injury Fund (“the Fund”). The trial court initially found Employee’s 2013 injury caused 9% vocational disability and apportioned 9% of the award to Employer and 91% to the Fund. After the Fund appealed, the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel remanded the case for the trial court “to reassess Employee’s 2013 vocational disability” and “to make the appropriate assignment of the award to Employer and the Fund.” On remand, the trial court found the 2013 injury caused 20% vocational disability and apportioned 20% of the award to Employer and 80% to the Fund. The Fund again appeals, asserting the trial court incorrectly apportioned the award. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the trial court’s judgment.

Claiborne County Workers Compensation Panel 10/24/18
Rita Faye Hurst v. Claiborne County Hospital and Nursing Home et al.
E2017-01598-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon Lee
Trial Court Judge: Judge Elizabeth C. Asbury

An employee sued for workers’ compensation benefits alleging two distinct injuries on different dates: physical injuries sustained in a work-related motor vehicle collision in 2001 and mental injuries from an incident involving a severely abused infant in 2000. The employee settled her mental injury claim. The trial court’s judgment approving the settlement included future medical benefits for the employee’s mental injuries, but none for physical injuries related to the collision. Nine years later, the employee filed a motion to compel medical benefits for her physical injuries related to the collision. The trial court, in an order referencing this case (#13,393) and a later-filed case (#15,665), ordered the employer to provide medical benefits for the employee’s physical injuries. In a separate order, the trial court awarded the employee her attorney fees and costs. We vacate the trial court’s orders, finding that the trial court did not have subject matter jurisdiction to compel medical benefits for the employee’s physical injuries.

Claiborne County Workers Compensation Panel 10/24/18
Rita Faye Hurst v. Claiborne County Hospital and Nursing Home et al.
E2017-01745-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon Lee
Trial Court Judge: Judge Elizabeth C. Asbury

An employee filed suit for workers’ compensation benefits for injuries sustained in a work-related motor vehicle collision. The trial court later dismissed the case with full prejudice based on a settlement approved by the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development (the “Department”). Over seven years later, the employee filed a motion in another workers’ compensation case to compel medical benefits for her injuries related to the collision. The trial court granted the employee’s motion to compel, referencing in its order this case number (#15,665) and the case number in which the motion was filed (#13,393). In a separate order, the trial court awarded the employee her attorney fees and costs. We vacate the trial court’s orders, finding that the trial court did not have subject matter jurisdiction to compel medical benefits for the employee’s physical injuries.

Claiborne County Workers Compensation Panel 10/24/18
Darry Osborne v. Starrun, Inc., et al.
E2018-00282-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon Lee
Trial Court Judge: Judge Brian Addington

A truck driver, whose employer had no workers’ compensation insurance coverage, was injured after falling from his employer’s truck while tarping a load of goods at a manufacturer’s facility. The truck driver filed a workers’ compensation claim against the manufacturer, asserting that the manufacturer was the truck driver’s statutory employer under Tennessee Code Annotated section 50-6-113 (2014 & Supp. 2017). The Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims granted the manufacturer’s motion for summary judgment, holding that the truck driver failed to establish that the manufacturer undertook work for an entity other than itself, retained the right of control over the conduct of the work, or that the truck driver’s conduct in tarping the load was part of the manufacturer’s regular business or the same type of work usually performed by its employees. After review, we affirm.

Workers Compensation Panel 10/19/18
Susie Plunk v. Professional Home Health Care Services
W2018-00025-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge William B. Acree, Jr.
Trial Court Judge: C. Creed McGinley

Susie Plunk (“Employee”) alleged that she sustained a compensable injury in the course and scope of her employment with Professional Home Health Care Services (“Employer”). Employer filed a motion for summary judgment asserting that Employee’s claim should be dismissed for lack of service of process or insufficient process. The trial court granted Employer’s motion finding that Employer was not served with process, Employer had sufficiently raised failure of service of process as a defense, and Employer had not waived that defense by participating in the litigation. Employee has appealed that decision. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We reverse the decision of the trial court and remand the case for a trial on the issues.

Hardin County Workers Compensation Panel 10/10/18
Vicki Gandee v. Zurich North America Insurance Company
W2017-01523-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge Walter L. Evans

Vicki Gandee (“Employee”) sustained a knee injury in 2004 during the course of her employment with Christ United Methodist Church (“Employer”). Employee returned to work after her injury; however, she left her job in April 2006 before reaching maximum medical improvement. Employee filed this claim against Employer’s worker’s compensation carrier (“Insurer”) maintaining she failed to make a meaningful return to work. Employee was seeking permanent partial disability benefits at six times the impairment rating. The parties disputed whether Employee was terminated for misconduct or resigned due to her injury. The trial court found the claim compensable but capped the award at two and one-half times the impairment rating having concluded Employee was terminated for misconduct. Employee appeals claiming the trial court erred in finding she was terminated for misconduct; in applying the lower cap; and in adopting Insurer’s expert’s impairment rating. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the trial court’s decision to adopt the impairment rating assigned by Insurer’s expert; however, we reverse the trial court’s decision to cap the award based on misconduct and remand for modification of the award.

Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 09/19/18
Pamela Lyles v. Titlemax of Tennessee, Inc. ET AL.
W2017-00873-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Roger Page
Trial Court Judge: Judge Mary Wagner

Pamela Lyles (“Employee”) was employed by Titlemax of Tennessee, Inc. (“Employer”). On May 19, 2010, an armed robbery occurred, during which the offender brandished a handgun at Employee. Employee immediately began exhibiting symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (“PTSD”) and was diagnosed with PTSD no later than July 13, 2010. Employee filed a Request for Benefit Review Conference with the Tennessee Department of Labor on September 16, 2011, which resulted in an impasse. Employee brought suit and the trial court granted summary judgment in favor of Employer, stating that the statute of limitations barred her claim. Employee has appealed. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 09/14/18
C. K. Smith, Jr. v. Goodall Buildings, Inc. Et Al.
M2017-01935-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Chief Justice Jeffrey S. Bivins
Trial Court Judge: Judge Clara W. Byrd

C.K. Smith, Jr. (“Employee”) suffered a compensable shoulder injury and was awarded lifetime medical care pursuant to a settlement agreement with Goodall Buildings, Inc. (“Employer”). Employee suffered from long-term chronic pain because of his injury and was referred to Dr. Jeffrey Hazlewood for pain management. Upon entering the care of Dr. Hazlewood, Employee was already prescribed a high dosage of opioids to manage his pain. Dr. Hazlewood continued this treatment, slowly raising Employee’s prescription. However, Dr. Hazlewood began to have concerns about Employee forming an addiction, and new medical guidelines on pain management indicated that Employee was taking too high a dosage of opioids. Dr. Hazlewood recommended weaning Employee off opioids, or at least lowering his dosage. In response, Employee left the care of Dr. Hazlewood and filed a motion for a new panel of physicians. That motion was heard for the first time almost two years later. The trial court granted Employee’s motion and ordered Employer to provide a new panel of physicians. Employer appealed, arguing Tennessee Code Annotated section 50-6-204(j) precludes Employee from receiving a new panel of physicians. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We reverse the judgment of the trial court.

Trousdale County Workers Compensation Panel 09/14/18
Thomas D. Flatt v. West-Tenn Express Inc., ET AL.
W2017-01727-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge James F. Butler

Thomas D. Flatt (“Employee”) alleged he injured his neck and shoulder in the course and scope of his employment with West-Tenn Express, Inc. (“Employer”). The trial court found Employee suffered a compensable injury and awarded 44 percent permanent partial disability to the body as a whole. Employer’s appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We reverse the trial court’s judgment.

Madison County Workers Compensation Panel 08/31/18
Victory Thayer v. United Parcel Service, ET AL.
W2017-02153-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge William B. Acree, Jr.
Trial Court Judge: Judge Valerie L. Smith

Victory Thayer (“Employee”) alleged that he sustained a compensable injury in 1997 in the course and scope of his employment with United Parcel Service (“Employer”). Employer and its insurer, Liberty Mutual Insurance Company (“Insurer”), filed a motion for summary judgment. The trial court granted their motion on the ground that the one-year statute of limitations barred Employee’s claim. Employee has appealed that decision. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 08/13/18
Zoran Andric v. Costco Wholesale Membership Inc.
W2017-01661-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge JoeDae L. Jenkins

Zoran Andric (“Employee”) alleged he was injured in the course and scope of his employment with Costco Wholesale Membership, Inc. (“Employer”). After a hearing, the trial court found Employee suffered a compensable injury to his right foot and awarded 64 percent permanent partial disability. Employer appeals. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the trial court’s finding Employee suffered a compensable injury to his right foot, but we modify the award to 26 percent permanent partial disability to the right foot.

Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 08/02/18
Wesley David Fly v. Mr. Bult's Inc., ET AL.
W2017-00828-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Roger A. Page
Trial Court Judge: Judge Charles C. McGinley

Employee, Wesley David Fly, was injured in the course of his employment, and the parties agree that Employee is permanently and totally disabled. The circuit court found that Employee was not capable of gainful employment and awarded benefits for permanent total disability. On appeal, Employer, Mr. Bult’s, Inc., argues that non-work-related factors acting independently of Employee’s work injury contributed to his disability. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the circuit court.

Benton County Workers Compensation Panel 07/25/18
Paul A. Westby v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
W2017-01408-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge William B. Acree, Jr.
Trial Court Judge: Judge W. Michael Maloan

Paul A. Westby (“Employee”) suffered gradual hearing loss during his employment with Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (“Employer”). Employee filed a workers’ compensation claim when Employer closed its plant. Employer argued the claim was barred by the statute of limitations because Employee failed to report his injury despite learning of his hearing loss years earlier. The trial court allowed the claim based on the “last-day-worked” rule and awarded Employee 60 percent permanent partial disability (“PPD”) to both ears. Employer has appealed, arguing that the trial court erred in applying the last-day-worked rule and that the PPD award is excessive. This appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the trial court in all respects.

Obion County Workers Compensation Panel 07/24/18
Kenneth E. Raymer v. Maintenance Insights, LLC, Et Al.
M2017-00986-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Robert E. Lee Davies
Trial Court Judge: Judge J. Mark Rogers

Kenneth Raymer (“Employee”) sustained a compensable injury to his left shoulder on July 8, 2011, and a compensable injury to his neck on December 18, 2012. He filed separate civil actions seeking permanent disability benefits for his injuries. The actions were consolidated for trial. The trial court awarded 30% permanent partial disability for the shoulder injury and 50% permanent partial disability for the neck injury and commuted both awards to lump sums. Maintenance Insights, LLC and Logistics Insight Corporation (collectively “Employer”) have appealed, contending the disability awards are excessive and that Employee did not demonstrate that the awards should have been commuted. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Rutherford County Workers Compensation Panel 06/14/18
Sisouphahn Thysavathdy v. Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations Et Al
M2017-01575-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Chief Justice Jeffrey S. Bivins
Trial Court Judge: Judge Audrey A. Headrick

Sisouphahn Thysavathdy (“Employee”) alleged that he sustained a compensable injury to his left shoulder on July 15, 2014. He was referred to a physician by his employer, Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, LLC (“Employer”). That doctor opined that Employee’s shoulder condition was not work-related, and Employer denied the claim. After a compensation hearing, the Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims denied Employee’s claim. Employee appealed to the Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board, which affirmed the trial court’s decision. Employee has appealed that ruling. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board.

Workers Compensation Panel 06/08/18
Carolyn Annette Young v. Sugar Hollow Properties, LLC, Et Al.
E2017-00981-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon Lee
Trial Court Judge: Judge Elizabeth C. Asbury

In June 2004, an employee sustained a work-related injury. After the employee sued her employer and its insurer for workers' compensation benefits, the parties settled the case. The trial court approved the settlement and, in part, ordered the defendants to pay the employee's reasonable and necessary authorized future medical expenses. In 2016, the employee moved to compel the defendants to provide medical treatment recommended by the employee's authorized treating physician; she also sought a finding of civil contempt and an award of attorney fees. The trial court ordered the defendants to provide the requested medical services and denied the motion for contempt. The defendants then authorized the employee's requested medical treatment. At a later hearing, the trial court awarded the employee her attorney fees under Tennessee Code Annotated section 50-6- 204(b)(2) (2005). The defendants appeal the trial court's award of medical benefits and attorney fees. After careful review, we hold that the issue of medical benefits is moot and the trial court erred in awarding the employee her attorney fees.

Campbell County Workers Compensation Panel 05/24/18
Paul Gray v. Wingfoot Commercial Tire Systems et al.
W2017-00380-SC-WCM-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge Jerry Stokes

Paul Gray (“Employee”) was injured in the course of his employment with Wingfoot Commercial Tire Systems (“Employer”). Several physicians—authorized and unauthorized—examined and treated Employee. After a Benefit Review Conference was completed and suit filed, an unauthorized physician performed surgery. The trial court considered numerous issues including subject matter jurisdiction, payment of unauthorized medical expenses, impairment, and disability. It ruled in favor of Employee and awarded 50% permanent partial disability benefits. Employer appeals. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm in part, reverse in part, and remand to the trial court.

Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 05/21/18
Samuel Panzarella v. Amazon.com, Inc.
E2017-01135-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon Lee
Trial Court Judge: Judge Audrey A. Headrick

An employee filed a claim for workers’ compensation, alleging he injured his left knee in the course and scope of his employment. The Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims denied the claim, finding the employee had failed to prove that his knee injury arose primarily out of his employment. The Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board affirmed. The employee appealed, contending that the evidence preponderated against the judgment of the Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims. After careful review, we affirm the decision of the Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board.

Hamilton County Workers Compensation Panel 05/16/18
Sherilyne D. Duty v. East Tennessee Children's Hospital Association, Inc.
E2017-02027-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Chancellor Michael W. Moyer

Sherilyne Duty (“Employee”) was employed by East Tennessee Children’s Hospital (“Employer”) as a unit secretary. On March 22, 2006, she was assaulted by a visitor in the waiting area of the pediatric intensive care unit (“PICU”). She sustained an injury to her eye and developed post-traumatic stress disorder (“PTSD”) as a result of the incident. A settlement was reached as to all aspects of her workers’ compensation except the issue of temporary total disability. The settlement was approved by the Department of Labor, and Employee then brought this action seeking temporary disability benefits from July 2007 until November 2015. Employer contended Employee was not entitled to benefits because she was able to work and because she had been terminated for cause. The trial court denied the claim, finding Employee’s medical proof was not credible. Employee appeals, contending the evidence preponderates against the trial court’s decision. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Knox County Workers Compensation Panel 04/18/18
James Green v. Kellogg Companies, et al.
W2017-00549-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Senior Judge William B. Acree, Jr.
Trial Court Judge: Judge Robert V. Durham

James Green (“Employee”) alleged that he sustained a compensable injury in the course of his employment with Kellogg Companies (“Employer”). After a compensation hearing, the Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims found that Employee did not sustain his burden of proof and dismissed the claim. Employee has appealed from that decision. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Workers Compensation Panel 02/20/18
James Harrison v General Motors, LLC, Et Al.
M2016-02522-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Don R. Ash
Trial Court Judge: Judge Dale A. Tipps

James Harrison sustained a compensable injury to his right shoulder while employed by General Motors, LLC (“GM”). He filed a workers’ compensation claim contending he was permanently and totally disabled as a result of the injury. The Court of Workers’ Compensation Claims found he was not permanently and totally disabled and awarded permanent partial disability benefits in accordance with the statutory scheme. Tenn. Code Ann. § 50-6-207(3)(A) & (B) (2014 & 2017 Supp.) Mr. Harrison appeals contending the evidence preponderates against the finding he is not totally disabled. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm.

Workers Compensation Panel 02/20/18
Tristar Centennial Medical Center v. Dana C. Pugh
M2016-02470-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Judge Hamilton V. Gayden, Jr.
Trial Court Judge: Chief Justice Jeffrey S. Bivins

Dana Pugh (“Employee”) and Tristar Centennial Medical Center (“Employer’) settled a claim for a compensable back injury to Employee after participating in and failing to resolve their dispute at a Benefit Review Conference (“BRC”). Employee later filed a motion to compel Employer to approve a surgical procedure recommended by her authorized physician and for attorney’s fees. Employer approved the surgery after another physician conducted a review of Employee’s medical records. Employee subsequently reset her motion, and the trial court awarded her attorney’s fees. Employer has appealed. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We conclude that the trial court did not have subject matter jurisdiction, vacate the judgment, and dismiss the case.

Davidson County Workers Compensation Panel 02/15/18
Louis Garassino v. Western Express, Inc., Et Al.
M2016-02431-SC-R3-WC
Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Robert E. Lee Davies
Trial Court Judge: Judge Joshua Baker

Louis Garassino (“Employee”) sustained a compensable lower back injury in the course of his work as a truck driver for Western Express (“Employer”). After a compensation hearing, the trial court awarded benefits to Employee. The order also awarded discretionary costs, in an unspecified amount. The parties disagreed over the issue. Employee filed a motion to award discretionary costs, including the fees of his examining doctor for reviewing records and conducting the examination. The trial court awarded those fees. Employer appealed to the Workers’ Compensation Appeals Board, which reversed the trial court as to the award of those two items. Employee has appealed, and the appeal has been assigned to this Panel pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.  

Workers Compensation Panel 02/08/18